Turkmen

Turkmen is the national language of Turkmenistan. It belongs to the Turkic family of languages and is closely related to the Crimean Tatar and Salar languages. Turkmen only started to appear in writing form at the beginning of the 20th century. Then it was written with the Arabic script. Between 1928 and 1940 the Latin alphabet was used whereas from 1940 it was written with the Cyrillic alphabet. Since Turkmenistan 's declaration of independence in 1991, Turkmen has been written with a version of the Latin alphabet based on Turkish.

Map of Turkmen language speakers.
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Map of Turkmen language speakers.

Basic stats

Total speakers: almost 9 million

Main Countries: Turkmenistan, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey (Asia)

Alternate names: Turkomans, Turkmenler, Turkmanian, Trukhmeny, Turkmani

ISO 639-3 Code: tuk


Language Sample

Хемме адамлар өз мертебе?и ве хукуклары бюнча дең ?гдайда дүнйә инйәрлер. Олара аң хем выждан берлендир ве олар бир-бирлери билен доганлык рухундакы гарайышда болмалыдырлар. (Cyrillic)

Hemme adamlar öz mertebesi we hukuklary boýunça deň ýagdaýda dünýä inyärler. Olara aň hem wyždan berlendir we olar bir-birleri bilen doganlyk ruhundaky garaýyşda bolmalydyrlar. (Latin)

(Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1)


Product Availability

The following products are currently available in Turkmen:

  • For Consumers

(Coming soon)

Sources

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